HEMP HISTORY

Hemp used for clay pottery
8,000 BCE

Archaeologists found traces of hemp in modern day China and Taiwan. People used hemp for pottery, food (seed & oil) and natural hemp-based medicine.

2,000 – 800 BCE

Hindu sacred text Atharvaveda (Science of Charms) as “Sacred Grass”, one of the five sacred plants of India

600 BCE

Hemp rope found in southern Russia

500 BCE

Archaeologists found a jar of hemp seed and leaves in Berlin, Germany. Use of hemp continues to spread across northern Europe

Hemp Rope
200 BCE

Hemp rope found in Greece

Hemp as paper
100 BCE

China uses hemp to make paper. Hemp rope also found in Britain.

570

A French Queen was buried in hemp clothing

700

First hemp paper mills appear in China and the Middle East, first people-powered then using animals or water.

850

Vikings use hemp and spread it to Iceland

900

Arabs adopt technology to make hemp paper

1533

King Henry VIII, king of England, fines farmers if they do not raise hemp

Cannabis introduced into brazil
1549

Cannabis introduced in South America (Brazil)

2,000 – 800 BCE

Hindu sacred text Atharvaveda (Science of Charms) as “Sacred Grass”, one of the five sacred plants of India

2,000 – 800 BCE

Hindu sacred text Atharvaveda (Science of Charms) as “Sacred Grass”, one of the five sacred plants of India

2,000 – 800 BCE

Hindu sacred text Atharvaveda (Science of Charms) as “Sacred Grass”, one of the five sacred plants of India

Decalration of Independence written on hemp paper
1776

U.S. Founders write early drafts of The Declaration of Independence on hemp paper

Hemp produces more hemp than trees
1916

USDA publishes findings showing hemp produces 4X more paper per acre than trees

1937

The Marijuana Tax Act placed a tax on all cannabis sales (including hemp), heavily discouraging production of hemp

1938

Popular Mechanics writes an article about how hemp could be used in 25,000 different products

TaxStamp-Producer_of_marihuana
1942

Henry Ford builds an experimental car body made with hemp fiber, which is ten times stronger than steel

1942

USDA initiates the “Hemp for Victory” program – this leads to more than 150,000 acres of hemp production

1957

Farmers plant the last commercial hemp fields in the U.S. in Wisconsin

1970

The Controlled Substances Act classified hemp as an illegal Schedule I drug. Strict regulations imposed on the cultivation of industrial hemp as well as marijuana

1998

The U.S. begins to import food-grade hemp seed and oil.

2004

Ninth Circuit Court decision in Hemp Industries Association vs. DEA permanently protects sales of hemp foods and body care products in the U.S.

Ninth Circuit Court decision in Hemp Industries Association vs DEA
2007

The first hemp licenses in over 50 years granted to two North Dakota farmers.

2014

President Obama signed the Farm Bill, which allowed research institutions to start piloting hemp farming.

2015

The Industrial Hemp Farming Act (H.R. 525 and S. 134) introduced in the House and Senate. This act is the first of several attempts to fully legalize hemp.

2016

A Colorado farm has earned the Organic certification from USDA for its hemp

2018 Hemp Farm Bill
2018

After failed attempts to pass hemp-specific laws, an amendment to the Agricultural Improvement of 2018 (a.k.a. the “Farm Bill”) legalized hemp in the U.S. Pres. Trump signs the bill into law on Dec 20, 2018. This amendment removed the hemp plant, along with any of its seeds and derivatives from the Controlled Substances Act. A huge win for the hemp industry!